The Eight Elements of Japanese Garden Design

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A garden is an outdoor feature that can be found in a house or in a public space. People usually opt to have the garden in their backyard or patio space of the house. The garden will provide the landscape where people can enjoy the nature feeling with plants and water as the ornaments.
Garden design is the process to designing the layout and planting, most of it consists of art. There are various types of gardens created by garden designer. It consists of contemporary and traditional design. One of the famous traditional design is Japanese garden design. This design has eight basic elements that will be explained below.

The first element is water. Japanese traditional gardens promoting spiritual and philosophical values. Seen from Buddhist symbolism, water is the opposite element of stone. The two will complement and complete each other. So, in the garden it is usually found an irregular-shaped pond that surrounded by stones.

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The next element is rocks and sand. Each type of rocks symbolizes and represent earth or mountains. It is also elemental to consider the building in the garden. Usually the garden has tea houses that become one with it.
Bridges also appeared as an element of Japanese garden. The bridges could be made of various materials, such as stone, wood, and logs that represent way to heaven and immortality. The surrounding of Japanese garden is beautified by the presence of trees and flowers. The trees and plants that are commonly found in the garden are camellia, oak, pine, bamboo, ginkgo, willow, maple, cherry, cedar, cypress, apricot, and azalea.

Not to forget is the decorations of Japanese garden. For example, stone lanterns and stone water basins. The stone water basins have a function to provide water to visitor who want to wash their hands and mouth before the tea ceremony. It is also important to put garden fences and gates with Japanese-themed decorations.

Therefore, if you wish to create your own Japanese garden in your house, you need to think about those basic elements. It is not about the view and display that you’ll make, but it also about the spiritual and philosophical meaning of the elements themselves. It is important to study a little about Japanese culture and symbolism to stay true to the values. Above all, it will bring you a genuine-designed and a calming garden into your house for a great meditation and relaxation.

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